A time and motion study is a technique used to analyze the time it takes to perform specific tasks based on human motion. It is often used for repetitive tasks performed by an average worker who has been fully trained. The study involves breaking down tasks into measurable steps and assigning a proper time to each movement based on the joint being moved to complete the motion. Industrial Engineers use this analysis to distinguish between Value-Added and Non-Value-Added segments of work tasks. This understanding helps in creating efficient labor standards.
Several work measurement techniques can be used to measure work, including:
PMTS utilizes Work Measurement to analyze the elements and motion of a task, with each work element duration being recorded in a database. Industrial Engineers then compile these elements to determine the total task duration or work content.
Clearly define the purpose of the study to determine the desired outcomes
Determine the variables to be measured
Identify the optimal time to accurately capture data
Adhere to established guidelines for collecting data samples
Get granular with your process
Observe and measure pre-determined data
Analyze the data collected
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